If a child has an underbite, early intervention could prevent surgery down the road. Miami orthodontist recommends the initial orthodontic screening by 7 years old. An orthodontist in Miami appointment is to advise a parent if orthodontic treatment by best orthodontist near me is required for their child.
An underbite is the projection of the lower jaw resulting in the lower teeth closing in front of the upper teeth. It can also be referred to as a class III malocclusion. A few disadvantages of an underbite include:
● Pain in the jaw
● Greater chance of wear and tear to the enamel
● Chance of getting cavities are higher
● Speech problems
● Self-conscious about looks
These above-mentioned symptoms require treatment from an orthodontist nearby.
What are the causes?
Underbites could be caused by genetics, bad chewing habits, a thumb-sucking habit, and abnormalities of jaw growth in children. Fixing an underbite could depend on the severity of the case and the age of the child.
There are several ways to fix the underbite of kids, including:
Expanders by orthodontist Aventura fl are cemented to the upper molars and premolars with metal bands. The metal bands are attached to a metal bar that goes across the roof of the child’s mouth. In the middle of the bar is a keyhole for the child to put a turnkey into, activating the device. This technique is used to make the upper jaw wider and help the bite fit better. If the child cooperates, this could help the bite a great deal.
2. Reverse-Pull Headgear:
This device is a metal vertical bar. It is connected to pads on the forehead and chin. The pads are for the comfort of the child. Small rubber elastic bands are connected to the vertical bar and metal bands around the molars.
This technique gradually moves the top jaw forward. It is the most effective when worn between the ages of 5 and 7, and this is why early intervention is important. According to orthodontic care specialists this device requires complete cooperation from the child because it has to be worn for a minimum of 12 hours per day.
3. Chin Cap:
Chin caps could be added to the reverse-pull headgear device for a difficult underbite case. It goes around the chin and top of the head. This prevents any movement in the bottom jaw. Surgery is typically the only option for teenagers and adults because the jawbones have fused together leaving limited room for an easy correction. Occasionally, depending on the severity of the underbite, extractions of teeth in combination with braces could improve the situation; however, the jaw positions generally don’t get better even though the teeth may fit better. Underbite surgery should be performed by an oral surgeon and consists of fracturing and moving the jaw to where it should be.
A liquid diet is required since jaw movement is limited during the initial healing phases. In very rare cases, the jaw can move back into its original position. Underbites cannot be left alone and will not fix themselves over time. While the child is still young, an exam should be scheduled as soon as possible to prevent the pain of surgery later.